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Dr14 "Zebra" Medium General Purpose Freight Locomotive

Dr14 is the most powerful Finnish switcher locomotive. With its 210 kN and very low gearing it is capable of moving any train on the bigger yards, humps and harbors where Zebras can be found. All the units were rebuilt and modernized within the last 10 years, so they appear quite modern. The original attractive red color scheme was preserved and we are hoping that many red zebras will remain through the years instead of getting the salad green livery.

* Dr14 Technical Details * Color Schemes * Technical Parts * Video *

Roster pictures: * 1853 * 1854 * 1856 * 1858 * 1859 * 1860
* 1864 * 1865 * 1866 * 1867 * 1868 * 1871 * 1872 * 1874 *

VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1859 in Kouvola, Finland
  An attractive red delivery on the typical Dr14 unit. At the time when the diesel was delivered to use, it was very colorful compared with the rest of the rolling stock and got nicknamed "Zebra" which has stuck with it ever since. The locomotive is far stronger than its horse power would suggest. Today Dr14 type is used for heaviest switching, humping and short road duties. You can hear the formidable very low diesel rumble kilometers away.

An interesting feature with this type is its dual gear box. Dr14's maximum speed can be adjusted either to max. 75 km/h (47 mph) or as low as 35 km/h (22 mph), the latter for heavy switching. A few units are missing the train safety control equipment and their road speed is permanently (for now) set to max. 35 km/h!

- - - Click any picture to see a larger version of it! - - -

Video of Zebra Grazing in Kilpilahti:
VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1868 switching in Kilpilahti, Finland


Created for 4rail.net by John McKey and Andreas Ehnberg. Pictures by Stanislav Voronin, Ilkka Siissalo, Hannu Peltola, Andreas Ehnberg and John McKey.

SJ X55 unit 3x56 in Solna, Stockholm, Sweden SJ X55 unit 3x56 in Solna, Stockholm, Sweden





Also in this section:
An IC2 fo VR pulled by Swiss type Sr2 has just left Pasila, Helsinki on it's way to Turku in the west

Finnish Railroads Main Page, a great place to start browsing this section.

VR-yhtyma Dr16 number 2816, Joensuu, Finland
Finnish Diesel Locos Page, all the important diesel in Finland locos are here!

Junakalusto Class Sm5 on test drive meets Sm4 of VR-Yhtyma in Kerava, just outside Helsinki, Finland
Finnish railroad organizations and railroad operators have their own pages, as well as the largest operator VR-Yhtymä and a newcomer to the field Junakalusto.


While much of the passenger traffic concentrates around the capital Helsinki, you might be interested in the roster pictures of VR-Yhtymä, Junakalusto and the city of Helsinki operator HKL. HKL operates the metro and narrow gauge trams

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Technical Details

  Dr14 Technical Details
VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1856 in Tampere, Finland
VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1858 idling at Ilmala depot area, Helsinki, Finland
VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1866 bogie
Finland VR Yhtyma Dr14 number 1868 and Dv12 number 2726 at Ilmala depot, Helsinki, Finland

The Dr14 class 24 locomotives form the only heavy use switcher and freight road locomotive for the VR-Yhtymä. Although the locomotives are aging, they have been kept in an almost perfect condition with the careful work by the VR maintenance people. All units even went through an upgrade and modernizing program in the early 2000s.

The Zebras graze in the larger harbors of Finland along with the major freight yards with busy traffic. Normally these are stationed in the following order, some additional unit can be found in addition to these:
- Helsinki Ilmala depot 1 - 2 units,
- Kilpilahti oil refinery near Porvoo 1 unit,
- Kotka harbor 1 unit,
- Hamina harbor 1 unit,
- Imatra forest industry traffic 3 units,
- Vainikkala border area 2 units,
- Tampere 2 units, ...

Why the nickname Zebra? This locomotive with its bright coloring and stripes truly looked like something from an other age in the late 1960s when they were built. Today the livery still seems quite in place, and probably everyone is fearing when the first Zebra stripes will be covered with salad green paint which is in fashion for repainting the rolling stock for the VR-Yhtymä now. Long live the red yellow striped Zebras!



Technical details for class Dr14 "Zebra"
-> Type: Dr14 (originally Vr12)
-> VR-Yhtymä class: Dr14
-> Builders: Rauma-Repola and Lokomo (both now fusioned to Metso)
-> Operators: VR-Yhtymä
-> Usage: heavy switcher, the only of its kind in Finland

-> Production dates: 1968 - 1971
- Series 1851 - 1874,
- whole series rebuilt by VR in 2002 - 2005, during which much of the locos were
modernized and rebuilt to current standards, preserving the original
engine and hydraulic power structure
-> Numbers built: 24
-> Numbers in operation: 24, most valuable freight locomotive for
the whole VR-Yhtymä

-> Seen: Finland, locations where heavy switching is needed

-> Energy Source: Diesel fuel
-> Engine: Tampella MAN R8V 22/30 ATL
-> Power output: 875kW (1190 hp)
-> Transmission: hydraulic, Voith L 206 rsb
-> Generator: -
-> Traction motors: -
-> Tractive Effort: 210 kN (47'200 lbf)
-> Braking effort on traction motors (dynamic braking): na

-> Wheel arrangement: B'B'
-> Wheel diameter: 1050 mm as new
-> Maximum operational speed: 75 or 35 km/h (47 or 22 Mph) depending
on the locomotive, at least Helsinki and Imatra have 35 km/h units in use

-> Length: 14,0 m
-> Height: 4,7 m
-> Width: 3,2 m
-> Weight: 78 / 86 metric tons (172'00 / 190'000 lbs),
heavier units with added weight
-> Max. axel weight: 19,5 / 21,5 metric tons

-> Train control systems: JKV, equipped for Finland, some units missing the train control system all together and limited to max 35 km/h!
-> Remote radio control equipped: Yes
-> Multiple operations capacity with: class
-> Couplers: Vapiti, the semiautomatic hook and chain plus SA3

-> Specials/other:
- The type is commonly nicknamed for "Zebra" (Seepra)
- the top speed of several locomotives have been reduced to mere 35 km/h.
Reason for this is said to be the missing JKV train control in units.
- Type is the ONLY locomotive used in Finland suitable for serious heavy every
day switching. This is not a big handicap, because there are numerous road locomotives available from classes Dr16 where available or Dv12 everywhere around the country.
- Dr14 is commonly used in Helsinki, Kilpilahti, Tampere, Kotka, Imatra,
Vainikkala and Kokkola for heavy switching


    Dr14 color schemes...  

     The Dr14 Zebra number 1856 is seen in Tampere switching freight cars and working on hump there. Tampere is one of the busiest freight yards in Finland.     The bogie of class Dr14 is most unusual for any heavier Finnish locomotive. Similar looking configurations can be found on somewhat lighter switchers.
    Sister loco Dr14 Zebra number 1866 is idling here in Helsinki Ilmala depot, just finished working on incoming long distance coach train and having made sure there are enough ready trains on the other side of the depot for the next trains out.    Another picture of the Ilmala switchers with their crews gone for lunch. Dv12 number 2726 in the foreground and Dr14 Zebra unit 1868 in the background. Picture by William McKey.

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Color Schemes

  Dr14 Color Schemes for the VR-Yhtymä
VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1858 idling at Ilmala depot area, Helsinki, Finland

  The Dr14 class is a highly unusual class in that there is only one paint scheme, the bright red paint with some cream stripes. Should these colors fade out, there undoubtedly will be units with the owner VR-Yhtymä current green-white-gray scheme and we will add those here in the Zebra theme page.

Picture of the 1866 by John McKey. The location here is Ilmala depot in Helsinki, Finland.

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Technical parts Close ups

  Dr14 Technical parts Closeups
VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1866 bogie

  Dr14 bogie for a closer inspection. The simplified bogie structure is quite unusual for the Finnish heavier train building.

Picture of the 1866 by John McKey.

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Dr14 "Zebra" Roster of VR-Yhtyma

  Dr14 unit 1853 of VR-Yhtyma
Finland VR Yhtyma Dr14 number 1853 uphill to Pasila, Helsinki, Finland

  The Dr14 Zebra unit 1853 is climbing here with a class HC (hard cover, later changed to class Gd) covered car carrier towards Pasila from Helsinki Main. At the time the auto loading and unloading terminal was still located right next to Helsinki Main, a place where there are lots of new office buildings now. In the background in picture the 1952 Olympic stadion tower half way up the hill. Most of the overnight trains from the Finland's far north have car carriers attached and classes Dr14 and Dv12 earlier brought these for unloading / loading from Helsinki Main.

Picture by John McKey.

 

   
   

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  Dr14 unit 1854 of VR-Yhtyma
VR-Yhtymä Dr14 number 1854 seen through a window of another locomotive, Imatra, Finland

  The Dr14 Zebra unit 1854 is bringing in pulpwood freight cars to teh Stora Enso plant in Imatra. This is seen through another a window of a Move 90 locomotive (essentially a light version of the Dv12) that is working with another huge forest industry train with a sister Dv16.

Almost all moves here are on the heavy side with train weight up to 4000 metric tons / ~9000 US tons. Couplers are of no concern since almost all rolling stock here is equipped with the SA3.

Picture by John McKey.

 

   
   

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  Dr14 unit 1856 of VR-Yhtyma
VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1856 in Tampere, Finland

  The Dr14 "Zebra" unit 1856 is seen humping freight trains in Tampere, in the central Finland. Tampere hump keeps one Zebra busy almost continuously as freight trains arrive, are sorted and formed to new trains before the freight cars continue their journey.

Picture by John McKey.

 

VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1856 in Tampere, Finland
  Another look at the Zebra 1856, this time at the Tampere Main with a trainload of tracks.

Picture by John McKey.
   

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  Dr14 unit 1858 of VR-Yhtyma
VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1858 idling at Ilmala depot area, Helsinki, Finland

  Dr14 Zebra unit 1858 is found this time parked outside with the early winter elements at the Ilmala Helsinki yard. This is just a temporary main engine shut down since the engine heater cable is not attached.

Picture by John McKey.

 

   

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  Dr14 unit 1859 of VR-Yhtyma
VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1859 in Imatra, Finland

  Dr14 Zebra unit 1859 on the Imatra stables side track. This Zebra along with the whole Dr14 class has received a major refurbishment and periodical upgrades to stay in top shape as the class is responsible for the heaviest duties in harbors and major freight yards.

Picture by John McKey.

 

VR-Yhtyma dr14 with a wrong UIC code   Strange: this unit sports the wrong UIC code! The number 92 means that the unit would be able to run at least 100 km/h, when in reality it can move no faster than 35 km/h max!

Picture by John McKey.
   

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  Dr14 unit 1860 of VR-Yhtyma
Zebra number 1860 parked in Imatra, Finland

  Dr14 Zebra unit 1860 was parked for the weekend in Imatra, Finland. The Russian freight trains across the border only operate during weekdays, so there is no switching to be done on Saturdays and Sundays.

Picture by William McKey.

 

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  Dr14 unit 1864 of VR-Yhtyma
Zebra number 1864 parked in Imatra, Finland

  Another Dr14 Zebra, unit 1864 was parked for the weekend in Imatra, Finland. The Russian freight trains across the border only operate during weekdays, so there is no switching to be done on Saturday and Sunday.

Picture by William McKey.

 

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  Dr14 unit 1865 of VR-Yhtyma
Zebra number 1865 at Kouvola locoworks, Finland

The Dr14 Zebra unit 1865 is seen here in the long time parking lot of the locomotive works in Kouvola probably waiting for bigger replacement parts or systems.

Picture by John McKey.

 

   
   

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  Dr14 unit 1866 of VR-Yhtyma
VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1858 idling at Ilmala depot area, Helsinki, Finland

Picture: The Zebra unit 1866 is taking its turn on switching heavy passenger coaches and other rolling stock in the Ilmala depot area in Helsinki. There are usually two of the type at the time in use for this area, plus one or more Dv12 locomotives to handle part of the duties.

Picture by John McKey.

 

VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1858 idling at Ilmala depot area, Helsinki, Finland The UIC numbering for the 1866 would suggest that it runs at least 100 km/h, however the smaller text on the side reveals the truth: 35 km/h max! Interesting usage for the common European numbering...but mistakes happen to everyone.

Picture by John McKey.
VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1866 bogie This picture shows well the heavier than normal bogie structure used on this older Finnish diesel type.

Picture by John McKey.

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  Dr14 unit 1867 of VR-Yhtyma
Finland VR Yhtyma Dr14 number 1867 idle in Vainikkala, Finland

The Zebra Dr14 unit 1867 waiting for the tracks to clear for the next assignment in Vainikkala on the Fenno-Russian trains border crossing.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

 

Finland VR Yhtyma Dr14 number 1867 idle in Vainikkala, Finland

Side view of the same unit in Vainikkala.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

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  Dr14 unit 1868 of VR-Yhtyma
Finland VR Yhtyma Dr14 number 1868 and Dv12 number 2726 at Ilmala depot, Helsinki, Finland

The Zebra Dr14 unit 1868 and "Deeveri" Dv12 number 2726 parked at the Ilmala switchers temporary parking place. Although the little brother Dv12 has more horse power, the Dr14 is much stronger in moving trains at the major rail yards.

Picture by William McKey.

 

VR Zebra Dr14 switching at Kilpilahti refinery Finland

Zebra number 1868 is switching cans here in Kilpilahti, east of Helsinki. The area has a great need for heavy switching with its frequent heavy oil and gas trains. The cans are brought here by the Wolves / Sr1s and sorted by Zebras.

Picture by John McKey.

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  Dr14 unit 1871 of VR-Yhtyma
Finland VR Yhtyma Dr14 number 1871 idle in Vainikkala, Finland

The Zebra Dr14 unit 1871 parked at the Vainikkala locomotive maintenenace "pit". Notice the pole coming off the ground to the window level. This is probably an emergency stop for the fuel filling device.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

 

Finland VR Yhtyma Dr14 number 1871 idle in Vainikkala, Finland


Another view of the same unit in Vainikkala. This is the normal parking lot next to the crew hut here.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

Finland VR Yhtyma Dr14 number 1871 idle in Vainikkala, Finland


Side view of the same unit in Vainikkala.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

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  Dr14 unit 1872 of VR-Yhtyma
Finland VR Yhtyma Dr14 numbers 1872 and 1874 in Vainikkala, Finland

The Fenno-Russian border crossing in Vainikkala is served by two Zebras. Here units 1872 and 1874 take their turn sorting the Russian freight trains. The unit 1872 is resting at the maintenence track in the foreground as the 1874 waits for the class Sm5 Allegro Pendolino to clear out of the way before the Zebra can continue with its tasks.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

 

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  Dr14 unit 1874 of VR-Yhtyma
VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1859 in Kouvola, Finland

Picture: The Zebra unit 1874 in the sunny weather on the tracks next to the Kouvola locomotive works for VR-Yhtyma. The Zebras go regularly to Kouvola for maintenance.

Picture by John McKey.

 

Finland VR Yhtyma Dr14 numbers 1872 and 1874 in Vainikkala, Finland The Fenno-Russian border crossing in Vainikkala is served by two Zebras. Here units 1872 and 1874 take their turn sorting the Russian freight trains. The unit 1872 is resting at the maintenence track in the foreground as the 1874 waits for the class Sm5 Allegro Pendolino to clear out of the way before the Zebra can continue with its tasks.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.
   

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© 4rail.net Railroad Reference 2004 - 2014   -   Created 4.5.2011 John McKey, Ilkka Siissalo and Andreas Ehnberg, Updated 25.1.2014 John McKey