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Finnish Diesel Locomotives

Welcome to the Finnish Diesel Locomotives page! Majority of the types used can be found on this page and many classes also have their dedicated sub pages. There are also pages for the Finnish Electric Locomotives and Electric multiple Units, Diesel Multiple Units as well as the MOV Equipment.

VR-Yhtyma Dv12 number 2710 in Tampere, Finland
  Picture above: A typical Finnish built diesel locomotive from 1960s, the class Dv12 number 2710 is seen at Tampere large freight yard with one of the dozens daily trains from the paper mills around the area. This loco can also be can be used as a radio controlled unit when switching. Dv12 is used widely as a road switcher, but most (unrebuilt) units are not capable of doing any serious local switching on the larger yards because of the switch oil overheating. Around 170 units remain in active duty in the roster, but will be replaced next ten years either through a refurbishing program of totally new units.


Diesel Locomotives:
Destia / Hyyryläinen(MVH): Move 66 * Ttm1 *
Imatran veturipalvelu (Imatra locomotive service): Dv15 * Move 90 * Robot Bear 100 * Otso 3
Proxion Train: -
RzD: 2M62 * 2Te116 * Tep70 * Tep70BS *
Steelwheel Lease fleet: Move66 *
VR-Yhtyma: Dv12 (Deeveri) * Dr14 (Zebra) * Dr16 (Big Blonde) *


Miscellaneous Switchers from Finland
:

Move 66 * Tve4 of VR *



         - - - Discuss Page at trainorders.com - - -

VR-yhtyma Dr16 number 2813 in Oulu, Finland


Created for 4rail.net by John McKey, Ilkka Siissalo, Stanislav Voronin and Andreas Ehnberg. Pictures by Stanislav Voronin, Ilkka Siissalo, Hannu Peltola, Andreas Ehnberg and John McKey.

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Also in this section:
An IC2 fo VR pulled by Swiss type Sr2 has just left Pasila, Helsinki on it's way to Turku in the west

Finnish Railroads Main Page, a great place to start browsing this section.

Junakalusto Class Sm5 on test drive meets Sm4 of VR-Yhtyma in Kerava, just outside Helsinki, Finland
Finnish railroad organizations and railroad operators have their own pages, as well as the largest operator VR-Yhtyma and a newcomer to the field Junakalusto.


While much of the passenger traffic concentrates around the capital Helsinki, you might be interested in the roster pictures of VR-Yhtyma, Junakalusto and the city of Helsinki operator HKL. HKL operates the metro and narrow gauge trams
 Destia Oy
Destia / MVH Move 66 in Voikkaa Finland after being maintenance checked Class Move66
Once a very common industrial locomotive many of the aging fleet still survive as Finland has practically no new diesel locomotives at all.

Units built: 23, diesel-hydraulic industrial switcher
Unit numbers: 15 + x (series 1-22)
Maximum allowed speed:
25-65 km/h (15-40 mph)     
Power systems: 
GM 16V-71N, 407 kw (545 hp)
Usage:
locomotive for switching and mow work

  Detailed information on Destia class Move66...
Destia Railbear 300 number 90901 in Joensuu, Finland Railbear class Tka9
Latest bear the Railbear 300 classified as Tka9 provides traction for destia MOW mowes.

Units built: 1
Unit numbers: 90901
Maximum allowed speed:
80 km/h (50 mph)     
Power systems: 
diesel-hydronynamic, 330 kw (443 hp)
Usage:
locomotive and power platform for mow work

  Detailed information on Destia class class Tka9...
Desstia / MVH Ttm1 number 91101 in Voikkaa, Finland after being maintenance checked Class Ttm1
Originally a test locomotive the Ttm1 on its current owner is used for production duties. The design is very ergonomic with good visibility all directions.

Units built: 1, diesel-electric test locomotive
Unit number: 91101
Maximum allowed speed:
80 km/h (50 mph)     
Power systems: 
CAT diesel-electric, 727 kw (975 hp)
Usage:
locomotive for mow production duties

  Detailed information on Destia class Ttm1...
   
 Ovako
Ovako owned Dr35 / Move 66 at Imatra work, Finland Finnish class Dr35 / Move 66
Also Ovako operates a fleet of a few oldish Move66 locos registered as Finnish class Dr35.

Units built: 23, diesel-hydraulic industrial switcher
Unit numbers: 068 +
Maximum allowed speed:
25-65 km/h (15-40 mph)     
Power systems: 
GM 16V-71N, 407 kw (545 hp)
Usage:
locomotive for local rail yard switching

  Detailed information on Ovako class Dr35...

   
 Puhoksen veturipalvelu Oy
Puhoksen veturipalvelu owned and operated Otso 4 in Uimaharju, Finland Finnish class Otso 4
Only 10 of these larger bear cubs were manufactured for industrial switching.

Units built: 10, Pvp owns several units
Unit numbers: unknown
Maximum allowed speed:
25 km/h (16 mph)     
Power systems: 
Scania/GM/Cat, d-h, 450 kw (600 hp), 135 kN (30'350 lbf)
Usage:
industrial switching of forest industry trains

  Detailed information on PVP class Otso 4...
   
 Ratarahti / Imatran Veturipalvelu Oy
Imatran veturipalvelu Dv15 number 2001 in Imatra, Finland Class Dv15
Earlier used by VR some of the older Dv15s have been rebuilt and found home in Imatra handling big forest industry train's swithing.

Units built: 58 , a few at use for Imatran veturipalvelu
Power: 620 kW (840 hp), 200 kN (45'000 lbf)
Maximum allowed speed:
60 km/h (37 mph)     
Power systems: 
diesel-hydraulic, Voith transmission
Usage: medium switcher


  Detailed information on RR/IVP class Dv15...
Imatran veturipalvelu Dr45 / Move 90 number 14 in Imatra, Finland
Imatran Veturipalvelu Otso Robot locomotive, Imatra StoraEnso plant, Finland Otso Robot 100 (pre version)
Sometimes the locomotive can be controlled remotely. The series of double Otso robots is the heaviest of the line built to move big rakes of freight cars at factories.

Units built: one for Imatran veturipalvelu
Power: 330 kW (443 hp), 270 kN (60'700 lbf)
Maximum allowed speed:
15 km/h (9 mph)     
Power systems: 
diesel-hydraulic
Usage: medium switcher


  Detailed information on RR/IVP type Otso 100...
  Otso 1
   
 RzD (the Russian Railways)
Finland RdZ 2M62 number 0605 unit A in Vainikkala, Finland Class 2M62
Ancient Russian power still rolls on and provides interesting sights for all railfans!

Units built: 393
Unit numbers: 2M62-001 - 2M62-393
Maximum allowed speed: 100 km/h (62 mph)     
Power systems: diesel-electric DC
Usage: national and international
Russian freight


  Detailed information on RzD class 2M62...
Finland RdZ Tep70 number 0217 in Vainikkala Class 2Te116
This is the most common Russian freight diesel and some of the fleet also make short appearance near the border in Finland.

Units built: over 2000
Unit numbers: 2Te116-001 -
Maximum allowed speed: 100 km/h (62 mph)     
Power systems: diesel-electric DC/AC
Usage: national and international
Russian freight


  Detailed information on RzD class 2Te116...
RdZ Tep70BS number 021 in Vainikkala, Finland Class Tep70BS
The BS version of Tep70 is the newest variant now a common sight and slowly pushing the older versions away.

Units built: over 250
Unit numbers: Tep70BS 001 -
Maximum allowed speed: 160 km/h (99 mph)   
Power systems: diesel-electric AC/DC
Usage: national and International
passenger services


  Detailed information on RzD class Tep70BS...
Finland RdZ Tep70 number 0217 in Vainikkala Class Tep70
One of the locomotives daily visiting Eastern border of Finland is the RzD type Tep70. Many units today run the passenger expresses in addition to the cross border traffic.

Units built: over 350
Unit numbers: Tep70 001 -
Maximum allowed speed: 160 km/h (99 mph)   
Power systems: diesel-electric AC/DC
Usage: national and International
passenger services


  Detailed information on RzD class Tep70...
   
 Teräspyörä / Steelwheel Oy
VR Transpoint Dr35 number 006 in Hamina, Finland Finnish Class Dr35 / Otso 6
two of the brand new Otso Robots with drivers cab are also part of the Steelwheel lease fleet. For the moment these are on hire at VR-Yhtymä.

Units built: 2
Unit numbers: 006 and (007?), 2011 - 2012
Maximum allowed speed: 30 km/h (19 mph)   
Power systems: C, d-h, 430 kw (577 hp)

  Detailed information on Steelwheel Otso6...
Teräspyörä class Dr35 working in Pieksämäki, Finland Finnish Class Dr35, Type Move 66
Move 66 and Move 67 were the most numerous industrial switchers several decades ago for the Finnish industries. Since country's rail network is not with the gauge of the Western Europe, any new acquisitions are difficult (due to expensive classification) and many of the old Move 66 locomotives are still in use.

Units in use at Steelwheel: 1
Unit numbers: 14
Maximum allowed speed: km/h ( mph)   
Power systems: C, "Detroit diesel", TwinDisk d-h, 407 kw (545 hp)

  Detailed information on Steelwheel Move 66...
Teräspyörä class C600, Kuusankoski, Finland Finnish Class / Type C600
One of the rare types are the few surviving members of Lokomo light industrial locomotive type C600.

Units built: 7, 1 for Steelwheel
Unit numbers: 1
Maximum allowed speed: 40 km/h (25 mph)   
Power systems: C, Cummins VT-12-700, Voith L4r4 d-h, 450 kw (605 hp)

  Detailed information on Steelwheel C600...
   
 VR Track (part of VR-Yhtymä)
VR Track class Tka8 locomotive in Turku, Finland Class Tka8
VR Track Tka8 is a rebuilt VR Tve4 for various maintenance work.
The locomotives are easiest to spot from one another form the crane hanging on each Tka8.

Units rebuilt: 25
Unit numbers: 561 - 585
Maximum allowed speed: 75 km/h (46 mph)   
Power systems: Scania diesel, mechanical Clark gear box
Usage: various maintenance duties


  Detailed information on VR Track Tka8...
Finland VR-Yhtyma Tka7 number 243 with snow plows installed on both ends Class Tka7
VR Track Tka7 is the most common light multipurpose platform. It is also used by VR Track in Estonia and sweden.

Units rebuilt: 80
Unit numbers: 168 - 247
Maximum allowed speed: 80 km/h (50 mph)   
Power systems: Scania D11 diesel
Usage: various maintenance duties


  Detailed information on VR Track Tka7...
   
 VR-Yhtymä (the Finnish Railways)
VR-yhtyma Dr16 number 2816, Joensuu, Finland Class Dr16
The newest but most problematic diesel is the VR class Dr16 locomotive, built in Finland. Despite novelty, some of the series are already scrapped.

Units built: 23, years 1985 - 1992
Unit numbers: 2801 - 2823
Maximum allowed speed: 140 km/h (87 mph)   
Power systems: Pielstick 12PA4-V-200VG diesel-electric
Usage: various main line duties, due to center high cab with access only from sides not suitable for switching.


  Detailed information on VR class Dr16...
VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1859 in Kouvola, Finland Class Dr14
Tough veteran to handle the most demanding moves the Dr14 fleet serve the largest railyards and harbors of
Finland. The whole series was rebuilt to practically new condition in early 2000s.

Units built: 24, years 1968 - 1971, rb. 2002 - 2005
Unit numbers: 1851 - 1874
Maximum allowed speed: 75 or 35 km/h (46 or 22 Mph)   
Power systems: Tampella MAN R8V 22/30 ATL, d-hydr.
Usage: various heavier duties at yeards
. Due to low max. speed no line duties.

  Detailed information on VR class Dr14...
VR Dv12 number 2552 in Ilmala, Helsinki, Finland Class Dv12
The most common multipurpose diesel found in Finland you will see these where ever you go.

Units remaining: ~170 (slowly being retired)
Unit numbers: 2501 - 2568, 2601 - 2664, 2701 - 2760
Maximum allowed speed: 125 km/h (78 mph)  
Power systems: Tampella SACM MGO V16 L, V. d-hydr.
Usage: multipurpose locomotive


  Detailed information on VR class Dv12...
  Class Tve5
Tve4 number 522 in Kuopio in 1983, Finland Class Tve4
A true oldtimer with its Scania truck engine and semimanual gear box a few Tve4s survive at VR rolling stock service points.

Units built: 40 built in 1978 - 83, few surviving
Unit numbers: 501 - 540
Maximum allowed speed: 75 km/h (47 mph)   
Power systems: Scania Ds 14 02 A 04 diesel-hydraulic
Usage:
rolling stock works only

  Detailed information on VR class Tve4...
   
 Finnish Vintage
VR Dr15 in Hyvinkää in 1983, Finland Dr15 Prototype
VR vintage class Dr13 number 2349 for a specail passenger service from Helsinki, Finland Dr13 Vintage Locomotive
HMVY Dr12 number 2216 on a railroads 150 day, Hyvinkää, Finland Dr12 Vintage Locomotive
The most loved old diesel for Finland must be the "Huru 12" (English: Thrundle 12). Rounded and reliable, two units still run for occasional museum use.

Units built: 42 built in 1959 - 63, 2 surviving
Unit numbers: 2200 - 2241, 2216 in best shape
Maximum allowed speed: 120 km/h (75 mph)   
Power systems: MAN/Tampella V8V22/30 d-electric
Usage:
general heavy road locomotive, now museum use

  Detailed information on vintage class Hr12/Dr12...
     

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Destia Oy

  Operations of Destia
Destia Railbear 300 number 90901 in Joensuu, Finland

Destia Oy, formerly the Finnish goverment owned road maintenance and building organization, has salso expanded to rail line maintenance and building. Maintenance in Finland is much bigger area, as the various rail infrastructure projects are typically scarce.

For its operations Destia has maintenance bases around Finland and also uses the government owned rail yards for its purposes. Last 5 years the company has acquired all the machinery that is needed for proper modern rail maintenance. It has also actively sought international cooperation with other MOW operating companies.

Worth mentioning of the machinery are various large track work machines. To transport the trains of these Destia operates several smaller diesel locomotives and one Railbear 330 multipurpose vehicle. No bigger diesels are owned as these are a practical monopoly of VR-Yhtymä in Finland. VR rather scraps these than sells them to anyone.

  A Railbear 330, looking almost like an American truck, is seen here in Joensuu, Finland. Vehicle took off to transport several freight cars loaded with line maintenance equipment and even one loader tractor.

 



Destia / MVH Move 66 in Voikkaa Finland after being maintenance checked
Desstia / MVH Ttm1 number 91101 in Voikkaa, Finland after being maintenance checked  

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RzD (the Russian Railways)

  Tep70 of the RzD
Finland RdZ Tep70 number 0217 in Vainikkala

Finland RdZ Tep70 number 0217 in Vainikkala

Finland RdZ Tep70 number 0373 in Vainikkala, Finland

Finland RdZ Tep70 number 0306 in Vainikkala
Like in most 1520 mm (5 ft) gauge border passenger traffic use, the RzD Tep70 is widely used on trains between Finland and Russia. The only crossing point for passenger traffic is in Vainikkala, where the unit 0217 rolls away on idle after uncoupling from the evening Sibelius train. From 2011 these locomotives in Finland will be less common, as the high speed Allegro Pendolinos of Karelian Trains will take over the more traditional traffic. Picture by Sanna Siissalo.

Technical details for type Tep70
-> Type: Tep70   
-> Builder: Kolomensky Zavod
-> Usage: Heavy passenger locomotive
-> Users: RzD, GoRail, ...
-> Production dates: 1973 to current (the current model is Tep70BS, the builder refers to Tep70 production starting in 1988)
-> Numbers built: >350 , remaining units from the original production runs unknown 
-> Gauge: 1520 mm (5 ft)
-> Seen: Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Biela Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, much of the ex. Eastern Europe, Eastern Russia, Central Asia.

-> Energy Source: Diesel fuel  
-> Engine: Kolomna type 2A-5D49, 4 stroke V16
-> Power output: 2942 kW (4000 Hp) at 1000 rpm
-> Nominal power: 600 kW (on Tep70BS)     
-> Transmission: Diesel electric AC/DC
-> Alternator:   
-> Traction motors: AC/DC, ETM type ED-119, 6 x 411kW, later types ED-121A, 6 x 413 kW 
-> Tractive Effort: 288 kN start / 167 kN at 48 km/h
-> Braking effort on traction motors (dynamic braking): 3200 kW
-> Wheel arrangement:  Co'Co' 
-> Wheel diameter: 1220 mm
-> Minimum negotiable curve: 125 meters

-> Maximum operational speed:  160 km/h (99 mph)  

-> Length: 21,7 m 
-> Heigth:
-> Width:     

-> Weight:  135 metric tons +-3%


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  Tep70BS of the RzD
RdZ Tep70BS number 021 in Vainikkala, Finland

Finland RdZ Tep70 number 0217 in Vainikkala

Finland RdZ Tep70 number 0373 in Vainikkala, Finland

Finland RdZ Tep70 number 0306 in Vainikkala
L.

Technical details for type Tep70BS


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VR-Yhtymä

 VR-Yhtyma class Dv12 "Deeveri"
VR-Yhtyma Dv12 number 2710 in Tampere, Finland
  Picture above: The most numerous locomotive type in Finland, the class Dv12 was built in three batches posing slightly different outside appearances but being technically very much alike. Above the unit 2710 is equipped with radio control, here seen just arrived from a main road duty pulling a freight train to the Tampere classification yard. Picture by John McKey.
  Picture below: The engine room of the class Dv12.

Tampella SACM V16 Engine under the hood of class Dv12 of VR-yhtyma


VR-yhtyma Dv12 number 2568 in Red-Gray-White scheme, Riihimaki, Finland
  Picture above: One of the "Inter city" colored units of the fleet. In the background and below can be seen the original red and cream color used on the locos. The newest color scheme found on just a few units is salad green with golden letters. Picture by Stanislav Voronin.
  Below: A typical use for numerous Dv12 class locomotives before the electrification progressed: one locomotive can easily pull 3 to 4 blue-gray coaches on the regional trains up to 125 km/h ( mph). When more power is needed for an extra coaches, in the large there was always a spare locomotive to add to the consist. Picture below by Hannu Peltola.
Dv12 number 2610 leading a passenger train to Pieksamaki, Finland

The class DV12 diesel locomotives can be seen most anywhere on the Finnish rail network working all kinds of duties from the light passenger trains on the non electrified lines to heavy road freight run in multiple, or road switching duties around the network. In the earlier days these multipurpose workhorses were a common sight pulling blue-gray coaches on regional trains. One or two units were the norm for any train.

Since the use of the locomotives has changed more and more to freight use, there are a few problems associated with this: most of the Dv12 units are unable to do heavy switching because of the overheating of the gear box oil, which means these units are very ineffective with this kind of assignment with frequent idling periods letting the lube oil temperature to drop back to acceptable level. A few dozen are now rebuilt to overcome the heating problem, but in most cases the better designed class Dr14 "Zebras" are doing all the heavier switching duties.

While 11+ units have been retired from the Dv12 roster and used as spare parts for the rest, the rebuilding program for this relatively successful locomotive series is still running. If repainting is needed (paint on some of the units is badly worn out) the color of choice is now salad green making the fleet interesting with most colors cream and red, many "Intercity" type red-white-gray and now the newest rebuilt units showing handsome green-white-gray with large VR logo taped to advertise the operator on the both sides. The loco number lettering for the green scheme in golden on sides and black in the front.

Technical details for class Dv12 "Deeveri"
-> Type: Dv12 (originally Sv12 (25xx, 26xx) or Sr12 (27xx))
-> Finnish class: Dv12
-> Builders: Valmet and Lokomo (who shared the order)
-> Operators: VR-Yhtymä
-> Usage: general purpose locomotive. both freight and passenger duties

-> Production dates: 1963 - 1984
- Series 2500: 2501 - 2568, rebuilt by VR in 2003 - 2008
- Series 2600: 2601 - 2664
- Series 2700: 2701 - 2760
-> Numbers built: 192
-> Numbers in operation: around 181, slowly being retired and scrapped

-> Seen: Finland and Haparanda in Sweden

-> Energy Source: Diesel fuel
-> Engine: Tampella SACM MGO V16
-> Power output: 1000kW (1360 Hp)
-> Transmission: hydraulic, Voith L 216 rs
-> Generator: -
-> Traction motors: -
-> Tractive Effort: unknown kN
-> Braking effort on traction motors (dynamic braking): -

-> Wheel arrangement: B'B'
-> Wheel diameter: 1000 mm as new
-> Maximum operational speed: 125 km/h (78 Mph)

-> Length: 14,0 m
-> Heigth: 4,6 m
-> Width: 3,2 m
-> Weight: 63 metric tons ( lb), some unit heavier
-> Max. axel weight: 15,5 - 16,0 metric tons

-> Train control systems: JKV, equipped for Finland
-> Remote radio control equipped: Yes
-> Multiple operations capacity with: class
-> Couplers: Vapiti, semiautomatic hook and chain plus Sa3

-> Specials/other:
- several variations exist since the locomotives are numerous and numerous
have been rebuilt with time.



   VR-Yhtyma Dv12 Theme Page with a lot more information and pictures...





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 VR-Yhtyma Dr14 "Zebra"
VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1859 in Kouvola, Finland
  Picture above a fresh after washing Dr14 seen at the Kouvola locomotive works, where these units go for heavier service. After this the Dr14 "Zebras" return to their normal grazing area in the larger rail yards in Finland. Picture above by John McKey.
  Below unit 1859 being stored in Imatra between assignments. The Imatra units serve the nearby paper mills and cross border traffic. Picture by John McKey.
VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1859 in Imatra, Finland

VR-Yhtyma Dr14 number 1859 in Imatra, Finland
The 24 locomotives of Dr14 class form the only heavy use switcher and freight road locomotive for the VR-Yhtyma. Although the locomotives are aging in their use, they have been kept in the perfect condition with the careful work by the VR maintenance people. All units even went through an upgrade and modernizing program in the early 2000s.

The Zebras graze in the larger harbors of Finland along with the major freight yards with busy traffic. Normally these are stationed in the following order, some additional unit can be found in addition to these: Helsinki Ilmala depot 2 units, Kilpilahti oil refinery near Porvoo 1 unit, Kotka harbor 1 unit, Imatra forest industry traffic 3 units, Vainikkala border area 2 units, Tampere 2 units, ...

Why the nickname Zebra? This locomotive with it's bright coloring and stripes truly looked like something from the other age in the late 1960s when the units were built. Today the livery still seems quite in place, and probably everyone is fearing when the first Zebra stripes will be covered with salad green paint that is in fashion for repainting the rolling stock for the VR-Yhtyma now.


   Dr14 Zebra Theme page...  


Technical details for class Dr14 "Zebra"
-> Type: Dr14 (originally Vr12)
-> VR-Yhtyma class: Dr14
-> Builders: Rauma-Repola (now Metso) and Lokomo (also part of Metso)
-> Operators: VR-Yhtymä
-> Usage: heavy duty switcher, the only of it's kind in Finland

-> Production dates: 1968 - 1971
- Series 1851 - 1874,
- whole series rebuilt by VR in 2002 - 2005, when much of the locos were
modernized and rebuilt to current standard, preserving the original
engine and hydraulic power structure
-> Numbers built: 24
-> Numbers in operation: 24, this is the most valuable freight locomotive for
the whole VR-Yhtyma

-> Seen: Finland, locations where heavy switching is needed

-> Energy Source: Diesel fuel
-> Engine: Tampella MAN R8V 22/30 ATL
-> Power output: 875kW (1190 Hp)
-> Transmission: Hydraulic, Voith L 206 rsb
-> Generator: -
-> Traction motors: -
-> Tractive Effort: 210 kN
-> Braking effort on traction motors (dynamic braking): na

-> Wheel arrangement: B'B'
-> Wheel diameter: 1050 mm as new
-> Maximum operational speed: 75 or 35 km/h (46 or 22 Mph) depending
on the locomotive, at least Helsinki and Imatra have 35 km/h units in use

-> Length: 14,0 m
-> Heigth: 4,7 m
-> Width: 3,2 m
-> Weight: 68 / 86 metric tons ( lb), heavier units with added weight
-> Max. axel weight: 19,5 / 21,5 metric tons

-> Train control systems: JKV, equipped for Finland
-> Remote radio control equipped: Yes
-> Multiple operations capacity with: Class
-> Couplers: Vapiti, semiautomatic hook and chain plus SA3

-> Specials/other:
- The type is commonly nicknamed for "Zebra" (Seepra)
- the top speed of several locomotives have been reduced to mere 35 km/h!
Most probable reason for this is a bad shape of the mechanics or missing
JKV train control in units, if the previous reason VR will probably be looking
for a successor for the type for heavy switching in the coming years.
- Type is the ONLY locomotive used in Finland suitable for serious heavy every
day switching.
- Dr14 is commonly used in Helsinki, Kilpilahti, Tampere, Kotka, Imatra,
Vainikkala and Kokkola for heavy switching

  Dr14 "Zebra" Theme page...  

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  Dr16 of the VR-Yhtyma "Big Blonde" "Iso Vaalee"
VR-Yhtymä Dr16 number 2820 in Kontiomäki, Finland
VR-Yhtymä Dr16 number 2820 in Kontiomäki, Finland
VR-yhtyma Dr16 number 2813 in Oulu, Finland
VR-yhtyma Dr16 number 2816, Joensuu, Finland

Dr16 is the most modern diesel locomotive for the VR to this date. It is mainly used for passenger and freight traffic in the north of Finland on the routes still waiting for electrification or deemed uneconomical to electrify. The basic design is modular, but fixing these beasts nowadays takes imagination, since many parts are hard to find after two decades of use only for this small series. With the design of true diesel electric locomotive, it should be straightforward to replace all the top components with parts from more common other locomotive if need be. The driving electronics are also being changed when the units enter service making the maintenance much easier after that.

One unit has been wrecked, retired and used as spare parts.

Around year 2010 there were tests on using the "Big Blondes" as a massive switcher engine, but due to the cab structure these tests were not successful. Even then, one unit is used to switch cars in Haparanda on the Swedish turf of the Finnish network.

Climbing to the drivers quarters seems to be awfully long way up on this beast, but because of the height the visibility is great from up there! This cumbersome design also prohibited the large blondes to join the Dr14 for the heavy switching work.


Technical details for class Dr16 "Big Blonde"
-> Type: Dr16
-> VR-Yhtyma class: Dr16
-> Builders: Valmet and Transtech
-> Operators: VR-Yhtymä
-> Usage: heavy diesel electric road locomotive, the only of it's
      kind for VR-Yhtyma in Finland

-> Production dates: 1985 - 1992
-> Series 2801 - 2823,
-> Numbers built: 23
-> Numbers in operation: 19

-> Seen: Finland, especially in the north with passenger services and freight
      Tested also for heavy switching work and found unsuitable for this

-> Energy Source: Diesel fuel
-> Engine: Pielstick 12PA4-V-200VG (Alstom)
-> Power output: 1677kW (2280 Hp)
-> Transmission: electric
-> Generator:
-> Traction motors: Strömberg (ABB) HHUU 7044P3, asynchronous
-> Tractive Effort: 270 kN
-> Braking effort on traction motors (dynamic braking): na

-> Wheel arrangement: Bo'Bo'
-> Wheel diameter: 1250 mm as new
-> Maximum operational speed: 140 km/h (87 Mph)

-> Length: 17,6 m
-> Heigth: 4,73 m
-> Width: 3,20 m
-> Weight: 82 metric tons ( lb)
-> Max. axel weight: 20,5 metric tons

-> Train control systems: JKV, equipped for Finland
-> Remote radio control equipped: -
-> Multiple operations capacity with: class
-> Couplers: Vapiti, semiautomatic hook and chain plus SA3

-> Specials/other:
- The type is commonly nicknamed for "Large Blonde" (Iso Vaalee)
- All prototypes 2801 - 2804 abandoned and torched
- Number 2814 was wrecked on the level crossing accident and stored
     at Hyvinkää locomotive works for the VR-Yhtyma


  VR-Yhtyma Dr16 "Big Blonde" Theme page...  


    The VR older colors are still quite fresh as the Dr16 number 2820 prepares to leave the Kontiomäki station in the Northeastern Finland. Now this stretch of track is electrified with a few Dv12 road switchers remaining as the only diesels in traffic. Picture by Ilkka Siissalo, 2003.

   This angle to the locomotive shows well how long it really is. The length is slightly disguised by extra high cab for the personnel. This makes climbing there quite a challenge in the winter conditions as the entrance is German style from the side and not normally from the both ends, where taking steps few at a time helps climbing. The type was tried as a switcher a few years ago, but quite clearly climbing to this cab is such a handicap the tests were quickly cancelled. Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

  The salad green and the traditional VR-Yhtymä Dr16 units are seen at the Joensuu depot. More and more "Big Blondes" are receiving the new green-white-gray scheme to cover their often totally faded and worn out red-grey-white colors. Picture by John McKey.

  The unit 2816 of the VR-Yhtymä Dr16 fleet is starting a forest industry supply train from Joensuu station. Notice how little diesel exhaust is visible despite the situation, where you normally see exhaust cloud of some sort. The prime movers are kept in great condition. Picture by John McKey.



   

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  2Te116 of the RzD - Border area heavy freight road locomotive
Finland RdZ Tep70 number 0217 in Vainikkala

Finland RdZ Tep70 number 1566 in Imatra, Finland

The 2Te116 is a common work horse for the heavy road freight movements of the RZD near the Finnish border. Most locomotives seem to be stationed in Viipuri, an old Finnish city just 20 kilometers on the Russian side of the border after WW2. The 2Te116 is a true monster locomotive with enough pulling power for just about any road need. The locomotive is unsuitable for any switching work because of its poor visibility  behind. The Russians were unable to think about multipurpose use at the time of designing the 2Te116. However, by now the locomotive has proved its success both in Russia and a number of other countries around it with the 5ft gauge. Only draw back of the use is the relatively heavy axle weight for use in Europe outside the Russia.

Technical details for type 2Te116
-> Type: 2Te116  
-> Usage: Heavy road freight locomotive
-> Builder: Lugansk
-> Production dates: 1971 to 2000s, newer models now replacing these
-> Numbers built: 1700+ , early remaining units unknown 
-> Gauge: 1520 mm (5 ft)
 
-> Users: Eesti Raudtee EVR, RZD, Sillamäe Sadam, Spacecom, Transoil, ...
-> Seen in: Russia, Estonia, Finland, Ukraine, probably much of the ex. Eastern Europe and anywhere where 1520 mm gauge is common.

-> Energy Source: Diesel fuel  
-> Engine: Kolomna type 1A-5D49 V16, 4 stroke ; later units 1A-5D49-2
-> Power output: 2 x 2250 kW (3017 Hp) at 1000 rpm     
-> Transmission: Diesel electric AC/DC
-> Alternator: AC, type ?  
-> Traction motors: DC, ETM type ED-107A, 12 x 305kW, later types ED-118A, ED-118B, ED-118D and ED-125B
-> Tractive Effort: 399 kN  start / 248 kN at 24km/h
-> Wheel arrangement:  Co'Co' + Co'Co'
-> Wheel diameter: 1050 mm

-> Maximum operational speed where possible:  100 km/h (62 mph)  

-> Length:  18,15m x 2
-> Heigth:
-> Width:     

-> Weight:  138 metric tons x 2 
-> Axle weight max: 23 tons 



  See more on 2TE116 on its own page...

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  2M62 of the RzD - Border area medium heavy freight road locomotive

RzD 2M62 unit 0522 in Vainikkala, Finland
Finland RdZ 2M62 number 0605 locomotive in Vainikkala, Finland
Finland RdZ 2M62 number 0605 unit A in Vainikkala, Finland
Finland RdZ 2M62 number 0605 unit A in Vainikkala, Finland

The 2M62 once was the backbone of the Soviet transportation. A number of rebuilt units still exist, some even in the original condition like the unit in the picture on the left. The 2M62 is used to haul oil and wood industry freight trains as well as the international mixed freight. Years ago you could spot this locomotive type from a respectable cloud of diesel smoke, but currently everything is in a pretty good shape again.

Many 2M62 units still operate near the Finnish border, occasionally visiting the other side. Looks like many of these formidable diesel-electric locos have endured well almost 50 years of use.


Technical details for type 2M62
-> Type: M62, 2M62, 3M62    
-> Usage: Heavy road freight locomotive

-> Builder: Lugansk
-> Production dates: 1964 - 1987  
-> Numbers built: almost 3000 , remaining units unknown
- M62: 750 units 
- 2M62:  1250 units
- 3M62: a few  
-> Gauge: 1520 mm (5 ft)

-> Users: LDZ, RzD, ...
-> Seen: Russia, Lithuania, Latvia, Ukraine, probably
much of the ex. Eastern Europe.

-> Energy Source: Diesel fuel   
-> Engine: Kolomna type 14D40 V-12, 2 stroke, turbocharged 

-> Power output: originally 1470 kW / unit (2000 Hp) at 750 rpm      
-> Transmission: Diesel electric DC

-> Generator:    
-> Traction motors: DC, ETM type ED-107, each x 195 kW, later types
may have same ED-107A as the 2TE116. 
-> Tractive Effort: 350 kN  start / 200 kN at 20km/h
-> Wheel arrangement:  Co'Co' + Co'Co' 
-> Wheel diameter: 1050 mm

-> Maximum operational speed:  100 km/h (62 mph)   

-> Length:  17,4m  per each unit
-> Heigth:
-> Width:      


-> Weight:
- M62: 117 metric tons   
- 2M62: 120 metric tons x 2

-> Axle weight max: 20 tons
    



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Switcher Locomotives

  Move 66 of Several Operators / Factories

Move 66 in Voikkaa, Finland

Move 66 in Kajaani in 1983, Finland

Move 66 is a "common" medium heavy switcher for the local non-VR needs. It can handle both switching and in the future probably also the lighter line duties. Almost all units are rebuilt by now with their prime mover changed and electronics modernized. Many are also remote control equipped so they can be handled outside the cab.

  Picture on the left of Destia Move 66 at Voikkaa, Kouvola Teräspyörä / Saalasti yard. This unit was repaired to almost new condition. Picture by John McKey.


Technical details for type Move 66 / Move 67
-> Type: Move 66  
-> Usage: Medium switcher

-> Builder: Valmet
-> Production dates: 1967 - 1982  
-> Numbers built: 23 of Move 66 and 1 Move 67
-> Gauge: 1524 mm (5 ft)

-> Users: Destia, Ovako, Rautaruukki, ...
-> Seen: Finland

-> Energy Source: Diesel fuel   
-> Engine:
originally EMD 16V-71N
-> Power output: 407 kW (545 Hp)      
-> Transmission: Diesel hydraulic

-> Generator: -   
-> Traction motors: -
-> Gear box: TwinDisk CF 13800
-> Tractive Effort: 100 kN start
-> Wheel arrangement:  C 
-> Wheel diameter: 1000 mm

-> Maximum operational speed: 25 - 65 km/h (15 - 41 mph)   

-> Length: 9,74 m 
-> Heigth:
-> Width:      


-> Weight: 45 / 54 metric tons 
-> Axle weight max: 15 / 18 tons
   
 

  Picture on the left shows the original colors of many units. The bright red Move 66 locos can still be seen at places like Ovako in Imatra. Here the switcher is waiting for its turn to move out the paper cars from a factory loading facility and take the empty ones in. Handling paper cars is heavy work, so this loco provides the minimum power needed. Picture by Hannu Peltola in Kajaani, Finland, 1983.

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  Move 90 of Imatran Veturipalvelu Oy

Imatran veturipalvelu Dr45 / Move 90 number 14 in Imatra, Finland


The Move 90 is used by Ratarahti in the Southwestern Finland heavy freights.


Technical details of Dr45 / Move90

-> Type: Move 90 refurbished to Dr45  
-> Usage: Medium road switcher

-> Builder: Valmet, refurbished by Steelwheel
-> Production dates: ?
-> Refurbished: 2009  
-> Numbers built: 2
-> Gauge: 1524 mm (5 ft)

-> User: Imatran veturipalvelu Oy and Ratarahti Oy
-> Seen: Southeast Finland

-> Energy Source: Diesel fuel   
-> Engine:

-> Power output: kW ( Hp)      
-> Transmission: Diesel hydraulic

-> Generator: -   
-> Traction motors: -
-> Gear box: Voith
-> Tractive Effort: kN start
-> Wheel arrangement:  Bo'Bo' 
-> Wheel diameter: mm

-> Maximum operational speed: 60 km/h (37 mph)   

-> Length: 14 m 
-> Heigth:
-> Width:      


-> Weight: 72 metric tons 
-> Axle weight max: 18 tons
 

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  Dv15 of Imatra Locomotive Service (Imatran veturipalvelu)

Imatran Veturipalvelu's Dv15 locomotive "Otto" number 2000, Imatra StoraEnso plant, Finland
Imatran veturipalvelu Dv15 number 2001 in Imatra, Finland

Imatran veturipalvelu is the first open access operator for Finland. Its operations are currently concentrated around two paper mills operated by Stora Enso. The operations include incoming / outgoing traffic plus local heavy switching work. For these the operator has a 'sizable' fleet of Dv15 and Dv16 locomotives (ex. VR) at its use. These are painted bright yellow with a black stripe around the body of tghe locomotive.

  Picture on the left of IVP Dv16 unit resting betwen assignments in the area of StoraEnso Imatra paper mills. The security is super tight (strange to think they had any secret machinery operating there), so catching an occasinal glimpse of the locos without harmful atmosphere interference (assiocialted with heat) is quite demanding. Picture of the loco is taken across the lake by John McKey.


Technical details for type Dv15 / Dv16
-> Type: Dv15 and  Dv16
-> Usage: Medium switcher

-> Builder: Valmet, Lokomo
-> Production dates:
-- Dv15: 1958 - 1961, 58, #1955 - 2012
-- Dv16: 1962 - 1963, 28, #2013 - 2040
-> Numbers built: 86
-> Gauge: 1524 mm (5 ft)

-> Users: Imatran veturipalvelu (Imatra locomotive service)
-> Seen: Finland

-> Energy Source: Diesel fuel   
-> Engine originally:
Tampella/MAN W8V22/30
-> Power output: 620 / 700 kW (840 / 950 Hp)      
-> Transmission: Diesel hydraulic
, Voith L 217 U
-> Generator: -   
-> Traction motors: -
-> Gear box:
-> Tractive Effort: 200 / 210 kN start
-> Wheel arrangement:  D 
-> Wheel diameter: 1180 mm

-> Maximum operational speed: 75 / 85 km/h (47 / 53 mph)   

-> Length: 11,9 m 
-> Heigth:
-> Width:      


-> Weight: 60 metric tons  
-> Axle weight max: 15 tons
   


  Picture on the left is showing well the end profile of the Dv15 unit used by operator IVP. Notice just one, the lower left, light being lit as is the new standard for switching work in Europe. Picture from Imatra, Finland by John McKey.

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  Tve4 of the VR-Yhtymä

Tve4 number 522 in Kuopio in 1983, Finland


Tve4 was a common locomotive in 1980s for lighter freight traffic on rural track sections. For John it was also the first locomotive that he was able to cabride while the locomotive was picking up log cars for forest industry from Töysä and Alavus in the middle Finland. The truck diesel has manual switches, a pretty exciting devide to operate for the train crew especially when the train has ten times the weight of any truck of the time! The crueling work took its toll for the locos and most of them were rebuilt to heavier Tka8 multipurpose power packs for the MOW work.

  Picture


/// Technical details for type Move 66 / Move 67
-> Type: Move 66  
-> Usage: Medium switcher

-> Builder: Valmet
-> Production dates: 1967 - 1982  
-> Numbers built: 23 of Move 66 and 1 Move 67
-> Gauge: 1524 mm (5 ft)

-> Users: Destia, Ovako, Rautaruukki, ...
-> Seen: Finland

-> Energy Source: Diesel fuel   
-> Engine:
originally EMD 16V-71N
-> Power output: 407 kW (545 Hp)      
-> Transmission: Diesel hydraulic

-> Generator: -   
-> Traction motors: -
-> Gear box: TwinDisk CF 13800
-> Tractive Effort: 100 kN start
-> Wheel arrangement:  C 
-> Wheel diameter: 1000 mm

-> Maximum operational speed: 25 - 65 km/h (15 - 41 mph)   

-> Length: 9,74 m 
-> Heigth:
-> Width:      


-> Weight: 45 / 54 metric tons 
-> Axle weight max: 15 / 18 tons
   


  Picture on the left shows the original colors of many units. The bright red Move 66 locos can still be seen at places like Ovako in Imatra. Here the switcher is waiting for its turn to move out the paper cars from a factory loading facility and take the empty ones in. Handling paper cars is heavy work, so this loco provides the minimum power needed. Picture by Hannu Peltola in Kajaani, Finland, 1983.

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  Miscellaneous Finnish Switchers

  
A few C600 units still exist in rebuilt form. This locotractor could earlier also be found in Sweden, but it is likely that the Swedish units are all scrapped. This unit is was taking care of teräspyörä / Saalasti switching in Kouvola.

Picture by Hannu Peltola.


 

Tka8 of VR-yhtymä


The Otso (bear cubbie) switcher was earlier very common for local station limit switching need for nboth VR and production plants.

Picture by John McKey.

Desstia / MVH Ttm1 number 91101 in Voikkaa, Finland after being maintenance checked
The current Ttm1 was originally used for testing ideas and parts for the Finnish locomotive industry. It has been rebuild, re-engined and is in use at Destia.
Ovako steel plant in Imatra houses these rare Tve3s, Imatra, Finland


Tve3 witcher has their days of operation almost gone. Here is a pair in Ovako Imatras scrap yard, where thay have spent years in the exact same place.

Picture by John McKey.

Karhula Sunila Railway Otso switcher in Sunila Finland


A little bit bigger cubby can be found in Hamina-Sunila railway. The unit is handling lingter traffic on the pulp mill.

Picture by John McKey.

Imatran Veturipalvelu Otso Robot locomotive, Imatra StoraEnso plant, Finland


Otso Robots

Robots without the cab are replacing many of the earlier switchers. In the picture is one of the double baby bear robots found in Imatra.

Picture by John McKey.

VR Dr15 in Hyvinkää in 1983, Finland

 

Dr15
The class Dr 15 was a test locomotive, rebuilt into the body of the retired class Dr 12
.

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