Train Recognition Guide
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|4rail.net - High Speed Trains - Sokol, Сокол|
follow along with the developments in rest of the world the Soviet
Union launched its own super fast trains initiative in 1993 following
the "slightly successfull" ER-200
which two were built back in 1967 and the third unit later. Picture of
the ER200 below.
The Sokol was one of the projects of utmost importance for the national pride. The Soviet Union was already at the brink of a collapse by then and the new Russia with stronger economy had not yet been born for many years. So the times were tough both economically and structurally. The institutions which had been supporting the development for decades, were gone all of the sudden.
Even so, the project progressed steadily. The hopes were high and 450 million US dollars were spent on the design and prototype. The construction of the Sokol-250 prototype was started in 1999 and by 2001 the train below was finished for the test run, which would prove the train to be "unsatisfactory".
Here a Sokol-250 prototype train waiting for the tests at the test rink at The Rail Transport Research Institute - VNIIZhT in Russia.
single automatic coupler + bumper is typical for the Russian trains (as
well as for all the U.S. trains). However this coupler in the picture
might just be somekind
of temporary coupler used when the train is towed from one place to
another. Obvious from the picture is that this coupler must be
retracted back under the (missing) cover from the harsh weather when
not in use. Retractable coupler might not be a very good idea on fast
trains in extremely cold climates as the Pendolino
trains used in Finland have proved.
bogie of the test trains along with impressive electronics to track
developments on the tests.
entrance for the coaches of the test train. In Russia the platforms are
extremely high to enable easy access even to the high floor
A great shot from the photographer showing the rounded nose of the Sokol-250 / Сокол-250. The engineer sure looks worried, as probably should before any test run.
And the front view of the aerodynamic train!
test runs in 2001 were unsatisfactory (this was widely published info,
although the chief designer did not agree), called by the head of
Ministry of Transport "historical mistake" with the price tag of 450
million dollars. The Commision found a total of 50 problems in the
See also the Russian high speed theme page!
Russian High Speed Theme Page... Updated
To the top of the page
Created for 4rail.net by Stanislav Voronin and John McKey. Pictures by Ilkka Siissalo, Sanna Siissalo, Stanislav Voronin, Siemens AG and John McKey.
Also on super high speed
Super High Speed News provides you the newest happenings and trends in the super fast railroading.
A TGV and AGV Theme Page provides information on these most succesfull super high speed trains.
See the Velaro & ICE 1,2,3 Page for these Siemens prides!
The Virgin Trains Pendolino class 390 is one of the many pendolinos found on the 4rail.net Pendolino page.
It all started from Japan in 1964 with the first bullet train. See what the latest Shinkansens have to offer for the world!
The Eurostars use the Channel Tunnel connect the U.K. to the mainland Europe.
The Chinese CRH program is the most advanced in the world and China will be the world leader in super high speed trains usage in just a few years.
One of the always popular trains is the Russian super high speed test train Sokol. While Sokol was a product in the wrong time period, the Russia today has an impressive high speed program starting.
Maglev of Germany and China starts the new generation of floating on the rail, the new comfort level of travelling!
Other pictures on High Speed Trains
Paddington High Speeds in London Great Britain early 2007. Picture by Stanislav Voronin 2007.
The Eurostar unit 3201 seen here passing a calais station in France. Picture by Ilkka Ilkka Siissalo.
Finnish type Sm3 Pendolinos in the Winter weather near Savio in 2006. Picture by Stanislav Voronin.
The Shinkansen 300 from Japan.
interesting pages in the category on
On High Speed:
Super Fast Trains Main Page
Super High Speed Trains News
Super High Speed Trains records Page
TGV & AGV page
Intercity Express - ICE and Velaro Page
Shinkansen picture & fact page
Watching Super Fast Train at Paris Gare du Nord
The SNCF TGV Roster Page
Pendolino special page
Cisalpino (ETR470 Pendolino) story by Ilkka Siissalo in the Swiss section!
Sokol from Russia
High Speed in Russia
Super High Speed Efforts in the U.S.
Super High Speed in China
Maglev technology Page - levitation on the rail
Super High Speed Lines and Corridors...
High Speed Services:
Allegro - Helsinki Finland to St Petersburg Russia
AVE - High Speed service of Renfe Spain
Cisalpino - The Former Joint Venture of SBB/CFF and Trenitalia
FYRA - High Speed service of NS and SNCB in Benelux countries
Sapsan - High Speed service of RzD of Russia
Thalys - High Speed service from France to Benelux countries
TGV - High Speed service of SNCF in France