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  4rail.net - Super High Speed in China     

Welcome to the China Super Fast Railroads Page! Chinese will be number one user of railroads and super high speed railroads within the next 5 years. In one arena it already is: The near future World Fair city of Shanghai has the only working high tech Maglev train track in the world!
   

 The Chinese Super High  Speed Lines  
In the summer of 2008 China ran its CRH3 production train on the super high speed tracks at the record speed of 380 km/h (236 mph)! The operating area of the CRH3/Velaro-C (designed by Siemens AG in Germany) and others is getting wider with each year. Currently the following super high speed / high speed lines either under construction on planned for normal rails are:

  • Peking - Kanton, >2000 kilometers
  • Shengdu - Shanghai, ~2000 kilometers 
  • Peking - Shanghai, 1300 km 
  • Wuhan - Guanzhou, 900 km   
  • Shijiazhuang - Wuhan, 800 km (part of the Peking - Kanton line, section to be finished by 2012).

Under construction magnetic levitation track:

  • Shanghai - Hangzhou 170 km Maglev track!

   
Finished lines include: 

  • Peking - Shijiazhuang, 280 km, (part of the Peking - Kanton line)  
  • Shanghai - Shanghai Airport Maglev track, 30 km  

     

 The Chinese Super High Speed and High Speed Trains  
The traditional Chinese train building industry has made great leaps forward by license building trains and locomotives from most of the worlds major builders. For super fast efforts for example the CRH3 is actually the German originating Velaro train capable of speeds of up to 360 km/h (production unit test drives were conducted up to 380 km/h). The CRH5 is actually an Alstom Pendolino unit, based on the Finnish VR-Yhtyma's Pendolinos, but without the tilting mechanism and top speed increased to 250 km/h (instead of 220 km/h). CRH2 originates in Japan. There is also a CRH train for overnight trips with sleeping accommodations. Many more train types will follow once things get started, the initial order of 60 pieces each for CRH2, CRH3 and CRH5 are just the beginning.   

In early 2009 Chinese announced that they will start production of the super high speed train of their own product developmetn as early as the year 2010! Next year several dozen units should already in revenue use between Beijing and Shanghai. 

Picture: A Velaro-C / CRH3 unit on the test run near Beijing in China, early 2009. Picture by Siemens AG.      

 CRH types
  CRH types chart  NEW!   
  CRH3 technical data  NEW!  

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Created for 4rail.net by John McKey. Pictures by Ilkka Siissalo, Sanna Siissalo, Stanislav Voronin, Siemens AG and John McKey.



 Also on super high speed

Super High Speed News provides you the newest happenings and trends in the super fast railroading. 
     

A TGV and AGV Theme Page provides information on these most succesfull super high speed trains.
   
 
 
See the Velaro & ICE 1,2,3 Page for these Siemens prides!


The Virgin Trains Pendolino class 390 is one of the many pendolinos found on the 4rail.net Pendolino page.  
   

It all started from Japan in 1964 with the first bullet train. See what the latest Shinkansens have to offer for the world! 
   

The Eurostars use the Channel Tunnel connect the U.K. to the mainland Europe. 
 

The Chinese CRH program is the most advanced  in the world and China will be the world leader in super high speed trains usage in just a few years.


One of the always popular trains is the Russian super high speed test train Sokol. While Sokol was a product in the wrong time period, the Russia today has an impressive high speed program starting.


Maglev of Germany and China starts the new generation of floating on the rail, the new comfort level of travelling! 




Sources: The Net, La vie du Rail, Trains Magazine, Alstom, ...  


   Chinese Super High Speed Train Types at Glance   
Train type
Units
Top speed 
km/h (mph)
 Electrical system
Power kW
Structure
Passengers
Notes
 China Ministry of Transportation 
CRH 2
60
250/300 (155/186)  
25 kV 50 Hz
9600
CU+2P+2U+2P+CU  
610
Looks like Japans series 300/700 
CRH 3
60
300 (186)
25 kV 50 Hz
8800
CP+1U+1P+2U+1P+1U+CP
600
Looks like German ICE3 /Velaro
CRH 5
60
250 (155)
25 kV 50 Hz
5500
CUP+1UP+1UU+1UP+
2U+1PU+CPU
600
Looks a bit like Finnish Pendolino, which was the starting point for the design.  
Maglev Shanghai few 431 (268) end car+1-3 middle cars+end car 2 classes: 1st with leathers seating 2 +2, second with 3+3 seating. Part of the Shanghai Metro

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 Newer Chinese Super High Speed Production Units      
 Velaro C / CRH3             


The sleek face of the Velaro-C / CRH3 train for use in China.  

Velaro-C / CRH3 is one of the many variants in the Siemens of Germanys super high speed trains.        
     
Velaro-C / CRH3 Technical Details  
-> Type: Velaro-C / CRH3 

-> Builder: Siemens in Germany + CNR Tangshan Locomotive & Rolling Stock Works  
-> Operator/owner: Chinese Ministry of Railways MOR   
-> Number of units: 60 
-> Delivered to use: 2008 -   
     
-> Configuration: 8 car EMU, Powered bogies troughout the train
-> Capacity:  601 passengers 
-> Operated by: MOR    
-> Unit length: ~200 meters
-> width: ~3200 mm (broad loading gauge)  

   
-> Unit power (8 axles powered): 8800 kW  (11800 Hp)
-> Starting tractive effort: 3xx kN 
-> Continuous tractive effort: 3xx kN 
-> Electrical systems for: AC 25 kV/50Hz   
-> Operational max. speed: 300 km/h (186 mph)

-> Mass, metric tons:    t /  t net
-> Gauge: 1435 mm 
-> Carbody material: Aluminum 
-> Wheel diameter:      mm

-> Coupler type: 
-> Axle weight max:    tons  

-> heated, airconditioned and pressure controlled environment for the passengers and train service personnel  
   
Easy recognition guide

  • roundish Velaro-style nose 

 
            
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Other interesting pages in this category on 4rail.net 

  Super Fast Trains Main Page  Updated
  Super High Speed Trains News   NEW!
  Super High Speed Trains records Page   NEW!
  TGV & AGV page   Recently Updated      
  
Eurostars 
  Updated
  AGV Page    NEW
  Intercity Express - ICE  and Velaro Page   Updated    

  Shinkansen picture & fact page   NEW  
  Watching Super Fast Train at Paris Gare du Nord    NEW!  
  The SNCF TGV Roster Page    NEW 
 
  Pendolino special page   Updated     
  Cisalpino (ETR470 Pendolino) story by Ilkka Siissalo in the Swiss section!   NEW  
  Sokol from Russia   Updated  

 
 Super High Speed Efforts in the U.S. 
 
NEW!
  Super High Speed Efforts in China   NEW!
   
  Maglev technology Page - levitation on the rail   NEW

  Super High Speed Lines and Corridors...     Updated 
 

   Main > Reference > Super High Speed Trains > Super High Speed in China 
   
4rail.net Railroad Reference 2004 - 2009  -  Updated 29.4.2009  John McKey